Cabinet Minister for Environment, Tourism and Protocol Aaditya Thackeray announced the first-ever Climate Action Plan for Mumbai today, citing the city’s vulnerability to the severe impacts of climate change.24 percent of greenhouse gas emissions come from the transportation sector. Created an online forum where professionals and citizens may share their thoughts on the proposal.

A six-pronged approach will be used to implement the plan.

Mumbai’s greatest emissions come from the transportation and energy industries

Mumbai currently emits 34.3 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent per year. MCGM, state agencies, as well as commercial firms collected data on emissions between 2010 and 2020 from several sectors, including transportation, waste, and energy.

Each person in Mumbai presently emits 2.67 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, according to calculations (based on 2019 estimates). It is estimated that each person in India contributes 1.91 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent.

Overall, 71 percent of greenhouse gas emissions are attributed to the energy sector. There is a 24 percent contribution from the transport sector, and a 5% contribution from solid waste management. “The energy sector is the largest emitter in Mumbai because of the high domestic use of electricity and the fact that 95 percent of Mumbai’s electricity is coal-based,” said Lubaina Rangwala, Associate Director, WRI India Ross Center for Sustainable Cities.

In the meantime, the transportation sector has taken steps to reduce its contribution to emissions. To encourage the purchase of these alternative fuel vehicles, Maharashtra will introduce a new Electric Vehicles Policy in July 2021. Kohinoor Square Building, MCGM car park in Dadar got its first public EV charging station on August 17. En outre, 1,500 charging stations are planned for Mumbai. Ten percent of all vehicles registered in the state are expected to be electric by 2025.

BEST has also confirmed that it will only purchase or lease electric buses from now on. It also expects 45 percent of its fleet to be electric by the end of the year 2022. BEST plans to convert all 250 of its diesel buses to compressed natural gas in order to reduce air pollution (CNG).

Detailed information on the Mumbai Climate Action Plan:

Mumbai, which joined the C40 Cities Network in December 2020, has been encouraged to draught its Climate Action Plan by the end of 2021, and is doing so in accordance with C40 guidelines and ambitious standards, according to the city. City of Greater Mumbai’s Municipal Corporation is developing a Climate Action Plan, assisted by knowledge partner World Resources Institute India.

A website for the Mumbai Climate Action Plan (MCAP) was also launched by Thackeray to solicit suggestions from local experts and citizens about the plan’s implementation. Until September 20, 2021, the public will be able to submit their recommendations. In November 2021, closer to the United Nations Climate Change Conference in 2021, the process of finalising action tracks under MCAP is expected to be completed and ready to go (COP26).

Mumbai will be unlivable in ten years if we don’t take action now, said Aaditya Thackeray, who spoke at the event. According to him, Mumbai’s development plan can protect the city’s natural systems and increase the resilience of vulnerable groups, as well as enable resilient urban growth that results in a drastic decrease in the city’s greenhouse gas emissions by integrating climate action into the plan.

He explains that the plan’s primary goal is to develop an inclusive and robust mitigation and adaptation strategy to combat climate change in Mumbai.

Action Plan for Climate Change: The Six Tracks

Severe climate change is threatening the city’s ability to cope, and the plan’s six action tracks will introduce sector-specific strategies for mitigation and adaptation. In addition to sustainable waste management, the six thematic action areas include urban greening and biodiversity, urban flooding and water resource management, and building energy efficiency.

In response to the current climate change scenario, I S Chahal, Municipal Commissioner, said, “There is a need to change our thinking about development.” Our city’s approach during the pandemic has been exactly this: coordinated efforts for data monitoring and management will help us make quick and informed decisions, ensuring the safety of those most vulnerable in our city.”